What is aeroponics farming?
In Aeroponics farming, plants grow in an air or mist environment, not inland or in water. “Aero” means air.
Aeroponics farming is different from hydroponics, aquaponics, and traditional soil gardening.
The thing about this garden system is that there is no breeding ground for the roots. Instead, the roots simply hang in the air and are regularly fed by the water sprayed on them.
When using this system, the seeds from which these plants grow are placed in foam and then placed in pots.
The land is not used here either. Instead, the foam with the seeds is exposed to light on one side, and mist is applied on the other side to keep the roots moist and nourish the plant.
Why choose aeroponics farming?
Aeroponics farming addresses the problems of modern agriculture by offering an alternative way of growing greens and vegetables. Some important advantages of the system are:
98% less land:
Due to the nature of the system, aeroponics uses 98% less land than traditional farming methods, utilizing both vertical and horizontal space.
The production is throughout the year:
Aeroponics belongs to a family of practices known as controlled soilless environmental agriculture (CEA). This generic term applies to all types of indoor plant growing where environmental conditions, including temperature and solar radiation, are controlled by the grower. Growing in a controlled environment improves a farm’s ability to predict when to harvest, produce high-quality crops, and maintain high standards of food safety.
95% less water:
In a controlled environment, there is much less variability, resulting in less waste and lower costs. Although aeroponic systems use water-based solutions to function properly, they use approximately 95% less water than standard agriculture.
Growers design their nutrient systems and solutions to maximize their plant growth and production. Plants grown in these indoor gardens are known to grow up to 3 times faster than those grown on outdoor farms.
Safer for the consumer:
A closed environment avoids possible soil contamination or interbreeding with Mother Nature, eliminating the need for herbicides or pesticides, resulting in a more organic product.
Benefits of Aeroponic Gardening
Growing plants, including fruits and vegetables, in an airy environment, is convenient because you don’t have to worry as much about the weather. The growing environment is completely closed.
You may be wondering why you would want to do this type of gardening. Ask yourself, isn’t it easy enough to plant a seed and just watch it grow on its own?
It is, but using an aeroponic system is even easier once you’ve set up those systems.
These are the benefits of aeroponics. See if you would like to use this gardening method:
It takes up less space:
Aeroponic systems are not only extremely efficient in terms of cultivation, but they are also very environmentally friendly.
With these systems, you can grow a large amount of food in a relatively small space.
Instead of growing in a horizontally scattered area like a traditional garden, when cultivating with this type of system, place it vertically. This is known as vertical farming.
As it grows rather than outdoors, these systems can generally be installed in smaller areas and are very popular in urban areas where there is not much land.
Additionally, these systems are fully encapsulated. Therefore, it does not have a drain in the waterways that can cause pollution. In addition, it is not necessary to use chemical treatments or pesticides to control insects or pests. Since aeroponic systems are included, they will not attract living things.
Another advantage of aeroponics is that it does not depend on climates and climates. You can control the environment so that it grows throughout the year.
With aeroponics, you control the environment. This results in faster growth and growth cycles, as well as more reliable yields.
More oxygen for your plants:
It is proven that exposed roots can survive and even thrive without soil. In fact, it is very good that the roots of the plant are without soil.
If the roots can grow freely, they will receive more oxygen, allowing them to grow much faster.
Help save water:
Another benefit of using one of these systems is that it saves a lot of water.
You might even be surprised that these systems use about 95% less water than soil-grown plants.
Requires less fertilizer:
There’s also the fact that you don’t have to take the extra time to fertilize them. Nutrients are in the mist, and these nutrients feed the roots and make the plants grow and thrive. Generally, not using chemical fertilizers is better for the environment.
Disadvantages of Aeroponics
There are many advantages to using such a system to grow your plants. However, as you can imagine, there are also some downsides.
The first thing to remember is that a system like this requires a lot of skill to function efficiently. For example, you need to make sure that the amount of nutrients in the water is strictly adhered to.
Even a small problem with the number of nutrients your plants receive can result in the loss of your crop. When the mists go off and stop spraying, this can also cause problems.
Since these are controlled by electricity, a power outage can be a disaster for your systems.
If the roots of the plants do not receive a constant stream of mist, the roots can dry out quickly.