How to start vermicomposting ?

How to start vermicomposting ?

How to start vermicomposting

How to start vermicomposting ? There are many simple ways to do vermicomposting, but with such little knowledge of the new technique, it may be difficult to choose which way is for you. This article will clear up some confusion about what it is and how it works. How to start vermicomposting

Vermicomposting is an organic method that uses worms to digest food scraps and turn them into plant-friendly fertilizer. It has also been known as vermiculture and vermifarming. The word “vermicompost” comes from the word “vermiculture.” How to start vermicomposting

// Vermicomposting is a simple process that can be explained in six steps:

Collect food scraps and put them in a suitable bin. Vermicomposting bins should have at least one square foot each of surface for worms to turn the scraps into good soil. A producer usually saves all their leftover food scraps, and then decides what to do with them. Some people have vermicompost bins that they leave outdoors. Others have bins in sheds, garages or even on picnic tables. 2. Collect the worms. Vermicomposting is simple if you choose a worm species that can live on leftover food scraps and other organic materials. Once you have chosen your worms, make sure that they have access to fresh food scraps to eat. 3. Feed the worms every day. The worms will come to eat in around 5-10 days, depending on their species and how much food they were fed with before you started vermiculture. It may take several weeks to a few months for the system to completely compost the scraps. It may take anywhere from a few days up to six months for everything to be composted and ready for use by plants or animals in your garden or farm. 4. Fill the vermicomposting bin with fresh manure or compost. This will nourish the worms, keeping them active and multiplying as they continue to feed on the leftover scraps. You can throw manure in your vermiculture bin, or buy ready-made compost. 5. Vermiculture is a great source of food for worms and other organisms such as chicken eggs. Many people use their vermicomposting system to produce eggs for their own consumption, or sell them to farmers and gardeners who raise hens or other poultry for egg production. 6. Water is also important in this process. The worms need moisture to survive and thrive; they cannot grow on dry scraps that have no oxygen nor nutrients for them to thrive on . So add water to the vermicomposting bin every few days. How to start vermicomposting

How to make vermicompost?

To create a new batch of vermicompost, you must first prepare your worm bin. Vermicomposting bins are very similar in function to chicken coops (or “barns”). The only difference is that the compost must be outside and it can be exposed to the weather. How to start vermicomposting

The following steps will guide you efficiently to set up and decompose food scraps in a worm bin.

1 – Collect food scraps from around your yard or garden, usually in a plastic bag or container. IMPORTANT: Make sure that good food scraps are collected and not bad ones, e.g. rotten apples or egg shells, which cannot be turned into vermicompost because they are poisonous to worms. Getting rid of such waste will cost you more money later; therefore, it is wise to collect cheap and organic food scraps that can be turned into compost. How to start vermicomposting

2 – Put the food scraps into a bin or container that can be opened during the vermicomposting process. You may want to cover your pile with a lid so that the worms inside do not have access to weather or sunlight and dry up out of hunger. How to start vermicomposting

3 – Add a small amount of water to the food scraps and mix well. Then cover the bin or container with a plain, black cloth or polythene sheet and secure it with string, rope or wire. How to start vermicomposting

4 – Leave your worm bin outside for 2-3 weeks then place it in a shady area at least 5 feet off the ground, away from direct sunlight, where there is ample air movement. If you live in an area with heavy rain and cold weather this way you can process your vermicompost into rich compost that is suitable for plant food. How to start vermicomposting

5 – Check on your vermicomposting bin every day to ensure that worms have access to fresh food scraps . In about five to ten days, the worms will be active and you can take them out of the container to feed them with new food. How to start vermicomposting

6 – Once your worm bin is full with scraps and you have checked it daily, it is time to start vermicomposting . Simply remove enough room under the bin for more food scraps to accumulate on top and put a layer of fresh manure or compost on the bottom. If using an outdoor bin, keep it covered with leaves or some other natural material while vermicomposting. You do not need much oxygen—in fact, too much is bad for your worms. How to start vermicomposting

7 – Wait for two months and you will see the black compost that was created by the vermicomposting process. Mold is a sign of healthy vermicompost. Your compost is ready for use once it has turned into a dark brown / black color and it smells like earth—like soil that has worms crawling on it (grass clippings also make great worm food). You may now use your vermicompost in your garden or sell it to other users who want to grow their plants. How to start vermicomposting

8 – To use your homemade vermicompost, turn it over every few weeks to mix the old compost with the new. Do not bury your compost in the ground because it may attract unwanted pests and disease. When used as top-dressing, you can spread vermicompost around your plants once every two months. Be cautious not to apply more than one inch of vermicompost per application; more than that can burn roots and cause leaves to yellow. How to start vermicomposting

Worms that reproduce through asexual reproduction (parthenogenesis) require no male worms for reproduction; they are able to lay hundreds of eggs each year, making them very productive in vermiculture . How to start vermicomposting

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