The 10 Most Important Yoga Poses for Beginners in 2020

The 10 Most Important Yoga Poses for Beginners in 2020

1. Mountain Pose (Tadasana)

Level- Beginner

How to do?

Stand straight with your feet close together.

Hands are to the side of the torso, little bent at the elbow and palms facing downwards.

Engage your quadriceps muscles and raise them up, making the kneecaps to rise.

The core should be tucked in and the spine should be comfortably straight.

Take 4-5 deep breaths when you reach in this position and then relax.

The weight of your body should be distributed evenly between each foot.

Advantages

Mountain pose is the foundation pose of all standing poses.

Improves posture.

Tones thigh muscles

Improves body balance.

Strengthens abdomen and glutes.

Makes spine flexible

Maintains the health of the digestive, respiratory and nervous system.

Disadvantages

Tadasana can prove to be harmful in people suffering from any of the following:

Insomnia or sleeplessness.

Low blood pressure

Severe headaches or migraines.

How many times to do?

10 times with 10-20 seconds per stretch.

2. Raised arms pose ( urdhva hastansna)

How to do?

Stand in Tadasana

Raise your hands above your head, you can either clasp your hands into each other or let the palms face each other at a shoulder distance.

The shoulders should not touch your eyes and shoulder blades should be tucked in.

Engage your quadriceps in a way that raises your knees.

Now take a deep breath and hold this position, exhale and release.

You can also bend a few inches backward with your hands raised above your head, to provide a good stretch to your spine. (as a variation)

Advantages

It provides a good stretch to the belly.

Improves digestion.

Improves balance.

Lessens stress and anxiety

Increases the capacity of lungs

Regulates a good flow of blood in the body

Keeps spinal muscles intact

Increases flexibility.

Disadvantages

When done wrong or with a jerk can strain the back muscles.

People with prior back injuries should avoid this pose.

How many times to do?

For one long deep breath. No repetitions required as such.

3. Standing forward bend (uttanasana)

How to do?

Stand straight on the mat.

Take a deep breath and gently bend forward by softening your knees and your hips should be pulled back.

Balance your body’s weight equally on both legs.

Let your hands touch the ground, if not able to at first give your body the time to open up.

Your second and middle toes must point forward while your feet are parallel to each other.

Head should be closer to the legs (as close as possible), in order to feel that stretch from your hip bone.

To release the pose, engage your abdomen and core. Place your hands on your hips and gently raise your torso.

Advantages

The pose gives a good stretch to your back, hips, hamstrings, and core.

It relieves you from anxiety, stress, and insomnia.

Cures high blood pressure, asthma, sinusitis, and infertility.

Disadvantages

Avoid this pose if you suffer from any of the following:

Any back injuries

Glaucoma

Sciatic neuritis

How many times to do?

15-20 seconds, no repetitions required.

4. Lunge Pose (anjaneyasana)

How to do?

Stand in Tadasana.

Then bend in a shoelace tying position, with right knee bent forward and left knee touching the mat backward.

Inhale and stretch your arms over your head, palms should be facing each other and shoulders should be straight and not close to the ears.

Engage your core muscles and lengthen your lower back.

Lift your chest and stay in this position for a few seconds, then exhale and release.

Advantages

Strengthens quadriceps and glutes

Expands your lungs

Increases stamina and endurance capacity of the body

It improves balance, focus, and concentration.

Tones the abdomen muscles

It helps in calming the mind and relieving anxiety.

Disadvantages

Consult an expert before doing this pose if you face any of the following problems:

High blood pressure

Injuries in knee or back

Shoulder problems

How many times to do?

8-12 times.

5. Tree Pose (vrikshasana)

How to do?

Stand in Tadasana.

Now shift your body weight on the left foot and bend the right foot at the knee to place its sole on the inner thigh.

If you are not able to stay balanced, try focusing on a pint in front of you.

The right foot should be pressing into the inner thigh with toes pointing on the floor.

Press your hands in a namaste position in front of your chest.

Hold the position for 10-20 seconds and then release it.

Advantages

It stretches thighs, groins, torso, and shoulders.

It strengthens ankles and calf muscles.

Remedy for flat feet

Provides relief for sciatica

Disadvantages

People with the following should avoid exercise:

Headache

Insomnia

Low blood pressure

(Do not take your hands above your head if you suffer from high blood pressure)

How many times to do?

10-20 seconds either side, no repetitions required.

6. Warrior pose 1 (virbhadrasana 1)

How to do?

Stand in a position where your one leg is perpendicular to the floor with toes facing forward. The other at the back inclined at an angle of 45 degrees to the mat with toes facing forward as well.

Stretch the hands over your head with palms facing each other.

Inhale and bend your head upwards to provide a good stretch to your back, exhale and come back to the initial position.

Hold the stance for half to one minute and then interchange the legs.

Advantages

Stretches chest and lungs

Strengthens back and arm muscles

Strengthens calves, thighs, and ankles.

Disadvantages

People with high blood pressure and heart issues should avoid doing this pose.

How many times to do?

One rep of half to one minute.

7. Warrior pose 2 (virbhadrasana 2)

How to do?

This pose is a variation to warrior pose 1.

The difference is that one hand is raised forward and the other backward, both being parallel to the ground.

Advantages

Stretches legs and ankles

Strengthens the lungs, chest, and shoulders.

Increases stamina and muscle coordination.

Relieves backaches.

Has a therapeutic effect for people with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Disadvantages

Diarrhea

High blood pressure

Neck problems.

How many times to do?

One rep of half to one minute.

8. Downward dog

How to do?

Come in a position that looks like a tabletop, with bodyweight divided on all four limbs.

Push your body weight on your hands, while you straighten your legs and incline them at an acute angle from the mat.

Use your toes to push your legs straight.

Head should be tucked in your chest and shoulders straight.

Hold for a few seconds and then release.

Advantages

Tones core and waist

Strengthens arms and shoulders

Provides stretch to the spine muscles

Brings a good flow of blood to the brain

Stretches hamstrings and calves

Disadvantages

Avoid if you have any back injuries or glaucoma.

How many times to do?

1 rep of 15-20 seconds

9. Shavasana

How to do?

Lie straight on your back.

Hands should be on the side, a few inches away from the body with palms facing upwards.

Legs should be completely relaxed with toes facing sidewards, hip-width apart.

Now take a deep inhale as if breathing for every single part of your body from head to toe.

Then exhale.

Repeat this for as many times as you like.

Advantages

Relaxes and calms body and mind

Reduces anxiety

Maintains healthy blood pressure.

Improves memory

Increases concentration

Disadvantages

None

How many times to do?

This is a meditative exercise and can be done for as long as you like. The 10 most important Yoga/exercise poses for beginners

10. Triangle pose

How to do?

Stand in Tadasana.

Now open your legs wider than hip-width distance.

Bend your torso to the side with hands stretched straight to either side.

One hand should be raised straight in the air, while the other touches toes below.

Palms of the hands should be facing forward.

Advantages

Improves digestion

Relieves back pain

Reduces stress

It provides stretch to glutes and hamstrings.

Disadvantages

Avoid this pose if you suffer from back or neck injuries, low or high blood pressure, headaches, and digestive issues.

How many times to do?

1 rep 10-20 seconds either side.

What is the best time to perform these Yoga/exercise poses?


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