For seeds to be organic, the plants from which they are derived must be grown organically and must not be treated with chemicals after harvest. When organic farming first became known nationwide, large numbers of seeds from chemical-free plants were not available. Although some quantities of crop seeds remain limited, most organic seeds of agriculturally valuable crops are currently available. Therefore, USDA allows farmers to label their products as organic, even if they have no organic source and otherwise follow the organic regime, even if they are grown from non-organic seeds. Unfortunately, using non-organic seeds when organic seeds are available will not certify plots where the seeds have been planted for 3 years.Organic seeds – Advantages of organic seed
Growers may treat inorganic seeds with antibacterial and antibacterial chemicals prior to packaging to provide an advantage in controlling germinated fungal and bacterial buds. You can get untreated seeds, but breeders have created these seeds with intense chemical treatment. Home growers who cannot find organic seeds can be satisfied with untreated seeds, but it is neither common nor practically organic locally.
Scientists create genetically modified organisms by inserting sections of DNA from one organism into another (usually cross-species) to create traits that cannot be created by normal breeding methods. Some GMO seeds grow into chemical-tolerant plants sold by the same weed control company. This means that farmers can use more herbicides when growing these crops. If interest in organic farming is contrary to what you would expect from seeds and GMO seeds are not organic.
Agricultural companies develop seeds of a variety of qualities, including high yields, consistent shipping, and improved freshness of edible parts of plants. In order to produce seeds that grow into plants with these properties, breeders often need to combine the two strains of the plant to produce offspring that achieve their goals. This is because the 2nd generation seed does not produce the same power as the 1st generation f1. As a result of this process, home growers will have to buy new seeds each year. If you want to harvest seeds from your own plants and want to control how the plants are fertilized and processed, you need heirloom seeds. Ancestor species are often organic, but they don’t have to be.
Advantages of Organic Farming
The national standard for organic programs for organic seeds The NOP standards for organic seeds introduced by the USDA in 2002 were considered the first major step in promoting organic seed growth in the organic movement. This set of rules stipulates that organically certified seeds from organic farmers should be used if they are commercially available. Organic seeds must be produced and processed by a certified organic producer. All seeds used in organic farming must be untreated or treated only with substances on the national list of organic farming-approved products (such as microbial products). Commercial availability is based on the ability to procure seeds in the appropriate format, quality, or quantity validated by a certifier. Organic seeds – Advantages of organic seed.
The most direct effect of using organically grown seeds is the potential to minimize the amount of upstream contamination in the seed production process. Traditionally produced vegetable seeds are based on petroleum-based synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. When grown as vegetables, these seed crops are often sprayed with more powerful pesticides and fungicides than the same plant. There are two prominent reasons for this. First, vegetable seeds are produced in a much longer season than the same crop when harvested at the vegetative stage, so more crop protection chemicals to keep repelling pests and diseased pests. Must be applied. Second, the rules for controlling the amount and type of pesticides allowed for seed crops are much more generous and often lead to a “better” approach for many farmers.
Organic seed production systems based on low external inputs and environmentally friendly practices have a less environmental impact due to the lack of these synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Sustainable organic systems can minimize groundwater pollution, erosion, and soil degradation. Reducing the external input of finished products also reduces the use of fossil fuels in both the manufacture and transportation of imported materials. Ecological practices can also ultimately increase the level of biodiversity in the production area, which can also reduce the need for pesticides and other external inputs that contribute to upstream pollution. increase.
Adaptation to Organic Conditions
The ultimate goal of a growing number of organic seed producers and plant breeders is to develop crop varieties that are adapted to organic production systems. Traits associated with superior performance in organic systems include insect pest and disease resistance, weed tolerance, adaptation to biologically mediated nutrient availability, and tolerance to climatic and environmental stresses, such as cold or wet soils (which is typically managed with fungicide seed treatments in conventional systems). Organic seeds – Advantages of organic seed.
Varieties developed for these systems will ideally have the ability to outgrow weed pressure, have vigorous seedling growth even at low temperatures, and have greater nutrient use efficiency in soils where macronutrient availability is limited due to the mineralization of organic matter.
While resistance to insects and disease is important for all crops, it is especially important in organic systems as external inputs of crop protection chemicals are much less likely to be used.
Changes to plant architecture may also be advantageous for organic production methods. Genetic choices for increasing root growth, root density, or root strength can lead to increased nutrient absorption. The widespread leaf canopy can lead to the emergence of certain types of plants and hinder weed competition.
Much of modern plant breeding has been carried out at great cost in a centralized production environment, often with high-quality soils with near-optimal environmental conditions. Adaptation of crops to a particular climate or cultivation system by genetic selection is an accepted concept. Thus, all of our crops were developed by domesticated farmers from their wild ancestors. Much of the modern breeding work that has been carried out over the last 50 years has often been carried out at great expense in near-optimal production environments. 4,444 organic farms in many parts of the developed world tend to be smaller and more diversified than commercial farms. Since the location of a significant number of organic vegetable farms is not the center of a large production area, environmental variability is often significant in terms of climate, soil type, and availability of irrigation water (Grube2007). Organic seeds – Advantages of organic seed.
Therefore, breeding in these diverse and non-uniform environments is best achieved by using distributed selection in multiple locations within the region (Ceccarelli and Grando 2007; Dawson et al. 2008). These locations should represent the lower input and environmental variability environmental problems found on organic farms. Genetically resilient and heterogeneous plant varieties are more closely selected, genetically homozygous modern agricultural plants by breeding under the challenge of environmental pollution in low input systems. Varieties with higher and more reliable yields in low input self-sufficient farming systems than varieties, with greater provides adaptive benefits to environmental variables and cultural practices in organic farming. It is possible to produce genetically diverse and heterogeneous varieties for breeding.
Adaptation of crops to a particular climate or cultivation system by genetic selection is an accepted concept.
Thus, all of our crops were developed by domesticated farmers from their wild ancestors. Increasing the commercial availability of organic seeds is an important first step in improving the sustainability of ecosystems and reducing their impact on the environment. However, for the continuous improvement of organic farming, it is essential to develop plant genetic resources suitable for various infrequently used ecosystem cultivation systems.